Although Blum's last government was very much an interim administration (lasting less than five weeks) it nevertheless succeeded in implementing a number of measures which helped to reduce the cost of living. France had not successfully recovered from the worldwide economic depression, wages had fallen and the working class demanded reforms. Dans cet essai qui fait scandale, il recommande aux jeunes femmes comme aux jeunes hommes l’expérimentation sexuelle avant le mariage. Presidió un gobierno socialista monocolor que no duró más que dos meses (1946-47), en cuyo balance hay que anotar la adopción del Plan Monnet para la reconstrucción económica del país. Léon Blum (9 de abril de 1872 - 30 de marzo de 1950) fue un político socialista francés. And in the distance at the right the beginning of the Avenue Ledru-Rollin and around the corner the Rue Godefroy Cavaignac. He began contributing to the socialist daily, L'Humanité, and joined the French Section of the Workers' International (French: Section française de l'Internationale ouvrière, SFIO). Le sacrifice de la « citoyenne Blum » Eté 36, la gauche triomphe. First ministry (4 June 1936 – 22 June 1937), Second ministry (13 March – 10 April 1938), Third ministry (16 December 1946 – 22 January 1947). He was a disciple of French Socialist leader Jean Jaurès and after Jaurès' assassination in 1914, became his successor. Acting heads of state are denoted by an asterisk. Il déclare que « voter des crédits militaires, ce serait peut-être l’acte le plus dangereux pour la paix que Issu d'une famille juive d'Alsace, il naît à Paris le 9 avril 1872 et décède à Jouy-en-Josas le 30 mars 1950. Édouard Daladier, né le 18 juin 1884 à Carpentras et mort le 10 octobre 1970 à Paris, est un homme d'État français, figure du Parti radical et de la IIIe République pendant l'entre-deux-guerres. [11] The economic confusion hindered the rearmament effort, and the rapid growth of German armaments alarmed Blum. In the last weeks of the war the Nazi regime gave orders that he was to be executed[citation needed], but the local authorities decided not to obey them. Maison Léon Blum. À partir du début du mois d’avril 1945, ils furent évacués au cours d’un long périple qui les conduisit à Ratisbonne, au camp de Dachau, puis dans Il démissionne le 21 juin, sans même poser la question de confiance. Un intellectuel brillant, Léon Blum (35 ans), publie en 1907 Du mariage. var f=new Date();document.write(f.getDate() + " de " + meses[f.getMonth()] + " de " + f.getFullYear());. Blum's cabinet was deeply divided and he decided on a policy of non-intervention, and collaborated with Britain and 25 other countries to formalize an agreement against sending any munitions or volunteer soldiers to Spain. Léon Blum vécut dans cette maison de 1945 à 1950. BLUM, LÉON (1872–1950), statesman; the first Jew and the first socialist to become premier of France. En 1952, la population française compte 42 400 000 habitants dont 20 400 000 d'hommes et 22 millions de femmes. Thérèse, qui a été vingt ans la maîtresse de Léon Blum avant de devenir sa femme, rayonne. Léon Blum (9. april 1872–30. Blum was briefly Prime Minister again in March and April 1938, long enough to ship heavy artillery and other much needed military equipment to the Spanish Republicans. The Spanish Civil War broke out in July 1936 and deeply divided France. Contactez l'Institut français, ou l'Alliance française de votre ville. Visionnaire, il While in his youth an avid reader of the works of the nationalist writer Maurice Barrès, Blum had shown little interest in politics until the Dreyfus Affair of 1894, which had a traumatic effect on him as it did on many French Jews. On connaît la vie politique de Léon Blum (1872-1950), on est moins au courant de sa vie privée et de ses trois épouses. [26] >Boulevard Voltaire Boulevard Voltaire is one of the main … Many historians judge the Popular Front a failure in terms of economics, foreign policy, and long-term stability. Mise en perspective de l'actualité, grandes unes, faits divers, histoire de la presse écrite [5] It is possible that Blum's interest in politics began somewhat earlier, as Fernand Gregh mentioned in his personal memoirs that Blum had expressed interest in politics as early as 1892.[3]. A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume Two: 1933–1951 by Martin Gilbert, French Section of the Workers' International, Learn how and when to remove this template message, evacuated from Dunkirk, taking many French soldiers along, The Times | UK News, World News and Opinion, Fort du Portalet Office de tourisme Vallée d'Aspe (www.tourisme-aspe.com), President of the Provisional Government of France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Léon_Blum&oldid=990701074, French Section of the Workers' International politicians, Members of the 12th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 13th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 14th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 15th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the 16th Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the Executive of the Labour and Socialist International, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles needing additional references from September 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, legislated the mandating of 12 days of paid, legislated a 40-hour working week (outside of overtime), raised wages (15% for the lowest-paid workers, and 7% for the relatively well-paid), stipulated that employers would recognise. [9] The new laws: The government legislated its promised reforms as rapidly as possible. Desde sus convicciones republicanas se fue acercando progresivamente al socialismo democrático representado por Jean Jaurès; fue el asunto Dreyfus (1894-1906) el que acabó por decantarle definitivamente hacia el socialismo, centrando sus esfuerzos en unir a las dispersas formaciones socialistas que había en Francia. Léon Blum, the first Socialist (and the first Jewish) premier of France, presiding over the Popular Front coalition government in 1936–37. Procedía dunha familia xudía de clase media. After the war, he resumed a transitional leadership role in French politics, helping to bring about the French Fourth Republic, until his death in 1950. The kibbutz of Kfar Blum in northern Israel is named after him. He used the courtroom to make a "brilliant indictment" of the French military and pro-German politicians like Pierre Laval. [24][25] He was transferred to German custody and imprisoned in Germany until 1945. Luchó en el interior del partido por mantener su línea política frente a los ataques de las alas derecha e izquierda; y, al mismo tiempo, colaboró en el Parlamento con los radicales, fortaleciendo la SFIO hasta convertirla en el núcleo de una amplia coalición de izquierdas, el Frente Popular. 1936 Premier gouvernement socialiste en France avec Léon Blum. Finalmente, cayó del gobierno en 1937 por la oposición del Senado a la creación de un impuesto sobre el capital. Lugares. Blum was rescued by Allied troops in May 1945. Believing that there was no such thing as a "good dictatorship", he opposed participation in the Comintern. André Léon Blum [ɑ̃dʁe leɔ̃ blum] ( 9. huhtikuuta 1872 – 30. maaliskuuta 1950 ) oli ranskalainen sosialistinen poliitikko ja valtiomies, joka toimi Ranskan pääministerinä vuosina 1936–1937, 1938 sekä 1946–1947. After the war, Léon Blum returned to politics, and was again briefly Prime Minister in the transitional postwar coalition government. The election of the left-wing government brought a wave of strikes, involving two million workers, and the seizure of many factories. Léon Blum Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline Léon Blum, nado en París o 9 de abril de 1872 e finado en Jouy-en-Josas o 30 de marzo de 1950, foi un home político socialista francés. window.onload=function comocitar() {citapers();citaurl();} Trop de ruines, de saccages et de restaurations au plus pressé depuis 1940, quand le château de Chazeron a bâti sa postérité sur l’internement de Blum, Daladier, Reynaud, Gamelin et Mandel. The impossible dilemma caused by this issue led Blum to resign in June 1937. The strikes were spontaneous and unorganised, but nevertheless the business community panicked and met secretly with Blum, who negotiated a series of reforms, and then gave labour unions the credit for the Matignon Accords. In 1933, he expelled Marcel Déat, Pierre Renaudel, and other neosocialists from the SFIO. Blum also attempted to pass legislation extending the rights of the Arab population of Algeria, but this was blocked by "colons", colonist representatives in the Chamber and Senate.[18]. Blum also served as an ambassador on a government loan mission to the United States, and as head of the French mission to UNESCO. As such he was an object of particular hatred from antisemitic elements. The British Expeditionary Force evacuated from Dunkirk, taking many French soldiers along. Foi un dos dirixentes da Sección Francesa da Internacional Obreira (SFIO) e xefe do goberno de Francia, en particular en 1936.. Traxectoria. "Léon Blum and the French Socialists as a government party. André Léon Blum (French: [ɑ̃ d ʁ e l e ɔ̃ b l u m]; 9 April 1872 – 30 March 1950) was a French socialist politician and three-time prime minister.. As a Jew, he was heavily influenced by the Dreyfus affair of the late 19th century. Biografie Hij werd geboren in een Joodse middenstandsfamilie. Léon Blum. Léon Blum (1936) : « Nous sommes un Gouvernement de Front populaire » (6 juin 1936) Un mois après la victoire de la coalition du Front populaire, Léon Blum se présente devant la Chambre ; il annonce qu'il appliquera le programme d'une majorité de rassemblement qui n'est pas celle du parti socialiste. Soon he was the party's main theoretician. Political circumstances changed in 1934, when the rise of German dictator Adolf Hitler and fascist riots in Paris caused Stalin and the French Communists to change their policy. André Léon Blum ( francés: [ ɑ̃ d ʁ e l e ɔ̃ b l u m ] ; 9 de abril de 1872 - 30 de marzo de 1950) fue un político socialista francés y tres veces primer ministro.. Como judío, estuvo fuertemente influenciado por el asunto Dreyfus de finales del siglo XIX. Juni 1936 bis zum 21. the nationalisation of the arms industries, loans to small and medium-sized industries, the raising of the compulsory school-attendance age to 14 years, Robert Jardillier – Minister of Posts, Telegraphs, and Telephones, Léon Blum – President of the Council and Minister of Treasury, Léon Blum – President of the Provisional Government and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Colton, Joel. – Jouy-en-Josas, 1950. március 30.) Eight months of Phoney War thereafter, saw little or no movement. el var meses = new Array ("enero","febrero","marzo","abril","mayo","junio","julio","agosto","septiembre","octubre","noviembre","diciembre"); Legjelentősebb politikai döntései közé sorolható, hogy 1920-ban nem volt hajlandó csatlakozni a III. Y, una vez acabada la guerra, fue elegido diputado por París y asumió un cierto liderazgo en el partido, proponiendo un nuevo programa político adaptado a las condiciones de la posguerra (1919). 1939 Accords de Munich : démembrement de la Tchécoslovaquie au "Politics and Economics in the 1930s: The Balance Sheets of the 'Blum New Deal'." Léon Blum vuonna 1927. Han var statsminister tre gonger: Frå 1936 til 1937, i ein månad i 1938, og frå desember 1946 til januar 1947. Léon Daudet - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia. Aunque licenciado en derecho y auditor del Consejo de Estado (1895), su principal dedicación profesional fue la crítica literaria. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. Acabada la Segunda Guerra Mundial en 1945, volvió a Francia y a la dirección de la SFIO. Martin Thomas, "French Economic Affairs and Rearmament: The First Crucial Months, June–September 1936". Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics. Fue discípulo del líder socialista francés Jean Jaurès y, tras el asesinato de Jaurès en 1914, se convirtió en su sucesor. He was a disciple of French Socialist leader Jean Jaurès and after Jaurès' assassination in 1914, became his successor. 5. décembre 1946 – janvier 1947 : Léon Blum Chef de l’État : Président de la République Le poste de chef du gouvernement et de chef de l’État sont confondus Parlement français : – … However inflation also rose 46%. [24] His future wife, Jeanne Adèle "Janot" Levylier, chose to come to the camp voluntarily to live with him inside the camp, and they were married there. Début de la guerre d’Espagne. In August 1914 Blum became assistant to the Socialist Minister of Public Works Marcel Sembat. Culturethèque est la bibliothèque numérique de l’Institut français. Léon Blum, (born April 9, 1872, Paris—died March 30, 1950, Jouy-en-Josas, France), the first Socialist (and the first Jewish) premier of France, presiding over the Popular Front coalition government in 1936–37.. Blum was born into an Alsatian Jewish family. Vainqueur à la Chambre, Léon Blum est battu au Sénat. francia szocialista politikus, a Harmadik Köztársaság 82. és 84. miniszterelnöke, majd 1946-47-ben a Köztársaság ideiglenes kormányzatának elnöke. C'est SORTIE CINÉ – On connaît la vie politique de Léon Blum (1872-1950), on est moins au courant de sa vie privée et de ses trois épouses.C’est la dernière, qui lui voua un amour dévoué depuis son adolescence, que met en lumière le film Je ne rêve que de vous, du réalisateur Laurent Heynemann, qui sort ce mercredi 15 janvier. Léon Blum a cette particularité d'avoir connu trois femmes dans sa vie, toutes "incroyables", selon Patrice Duhamel. 192 Rue Léon Blum 69100 Villeurbanne Rhône France La tombe de Charles Hernu est au Nouveau Cimetière de Cusset, 192 Rue Léon Blum, 69100 Villeurbanne, Rhône, France. Blum perd de nombreux amis, un frère aimé, mais il retrouve au bout de la nuit son fils, quand Janot pleure un fils, et découvre une belle-fille de 20 ans et une petite-fille qu’elle « adopte » immédiatement. Označoval se za marxistu, odmítal leninismus.. Biografie. En el Congreso de Tours (1920) hizo frente a la mayoría comunista partidaria de adherirse a la Tercera Internacional; al año siguiente fue nombrado jefe del partido socialista francés (Sección Francesa de la Internacional Obrera, SFIO), ya escindido de los comunistas. [13] All the constituents of the French left supported the Republican government in Madrid, while the right supported the Nationalist insurgents. Therefore, in 1920, he worked to prevent a split between supporters and opponents of the Russian Revolution, but the radicals seceded, taking L'Humanité with them, and formed the SFIC. For the first time, the cabinet included three women in minor roles, even though women were not able to vote.[6][7][8]. BLUM, LÉON. Léon Blum, Edouard Daladier et le général Gamelin sont déportés en avion vers Weimar, le 31 mars 1943, pour être détenus au KL Buchenwald où ils sont installés dans un baraquement réservé et chauffé, à la périphérie du camp OCLC 265833., older scholarly biography Colton, Joel. Léon Blum (9. dubna 1872, Paříž – 30. března 1950, Jouy-en-Josas u Versailles) byl francouzský politik a novinář, jako vedoucí Lidové fronty se stal v letech 1936 až 1938 premiérem Francie. Encore ne citons-nous pas Léon Blum, évoqué deux fois dans Le scénario, puisque c’est un personnage historique : Anouilh n’a donc pas eu à choisir son prénom. Descubre también todas las fotos y videos de Léon Blum. En 1938 volvió al poder; esta vez su política exterior se caracterizó por una mayor firmeza frente al fascismo, al intentar -aunque sin éxito- que las potencias occidentales pusieran freno al expansionismo de la Alemania de Hitler. in, Halperin, S. William. Y, por contraste con éstos, acentuó la definición del partido socialista como un grupo democrático y humanista, cuyos valores morales resultaban incompatibles con cualquier estrategia para alcanzar el poder que no pasara por el convencimiento de la mayoría expresado en las urnas. function citaurl() { var x = location.href; document.getElementById("urlcita").innerHTML = x;} The Cagoule far-right group even staged bombings to disrupt the government. Educated at the École Normale Supérieure, he proceeded to study law at the Sorbonne, graduating in 1894 with the RetroNews site média dédié aux archives de presse issues des collections de la Bibliothèque nationale de France sur la période 1631 à 1950. Léon Blum (París, 9 de abril de 1872-Jouy-en-Josas, 30 de marzo de 1950) fue un político socialista francés.. En la vida real. On connaît la vie politique de Léon Blum (1872-1950), on est moins au courant de sa vie privée et de ses trois épouses. He was deported to Auschwitz where, according to the Vrba-Wetzler report, he was tortured and killed in April 1943. Se inició en la política debido al … Léon Blum fue detenido por el gobierno títere del mariscal Pétain; tras someterle a un juicio en el que no se le pudo hallar culpable de nada (1942), fue entregado a los alemanes, que le internaron en los campos de concentración de Buchenwald y Dachau (1943-44). As the war worsened for the Germans, they moved him into the section reserved for high-ranking prisoners, hoping that he might be used as a possible hostage for surrender negotiations. When Germany defeated France in 1940, he became a staunch opponent of Vichy France. Léon Blum La 3ème république de 1870 à 1940 Adolphe Thiers Patrice de Mac-Mahon Jules Grévy Sadi Carnot Jean-Casimir Perier Félix Faure Emile Loubet Armand Fallières Raymond Poincaré Paul Deschanel Cuando, al estallar la Primera Guerra Mundial (1914-18), se formó el gobierno de la «Unión Sagrada», Léon Blum fue llamado a colaborar como jefe de gabinete del ministro socialista de Obras Públicas (1914-16). BLUM En juillet 1933, au Congrès du parti socialiste, Léon Blum développe une stratégie qui peut aujourd’hui surprendre. "Disappointment and failure," says Jackson, "was the legacy of the Popular Front. Descubre todas las noticias de Léon Blum, su biografía, su filmografía completa, su actualidad. They supported the government, although they refused to take any cabinet positions. The cost forced the abandonment of the social reform programmes that the Popular Front had counted heavily on.[12]. The trial was such an embarrassment to the Vichy regime that the Germans ordered it called off, worried that Blum's expert performance would have major public consequences. Robert Blum (varios nombres) William Blum, historiador estadounidense especializado en política exterior. As the Allied armies approached Buchenwald, he was transferred to Dachau, near Munich, and in late April 1945, together with other notable inmates, to Tyrol. "Léon Blum and Czechoslovakia, 1936–1938. [4] Blum first became personally involved in the Affair when he aided the defense case of Emile Zola in 1898 as a jurist, before which he had not demonstrated interest in public affairs. The Communists won 15 percent of the vote, and 12 percent of the seats. ", Wall, Irwin M. "The Resignation of the First Popular Front Government of Leon Blum, June 1937. Mi-juin 1940, Léon Blum, face à la débâcle, se replie sur Bordeaux, comme une bonne part de la classe politique française. In 1935 all the parties of left and centre formed the Popular Front. ¿Desea reproducir alguna biografía en su web. Léon Blum (Parijs, 9 april 1872 - Jouy-en-Josas, 30 maart 1950) was een Frans politicus. Blum was born in 1872 in Paris to a moderately prosperous, lower-middle class, assimilated Jewish family in the mercantile business. [2] His father Abraham, a merchant, was born in Alsace. Mais Léon Blum n’a pas renoncé à assumer les différentes fidélités de sa vie. De Léon Blum, gebuer den 9.September 1872 zu Paräis, a gestuerwen den 30. Recuperado de Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction ou téléchargez la [citation needed] Blum entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1890 and excelled there, but he dropped out after a year having found the school overly restrictive, entering instead the Faculty of Law. Suddenly in the spring of 1940, the Germans invaded France and defeated the French and British armies in a matter of weeks. Léon Blum, político francés, Presidente de Francia (1946-1947). Léon Blum, a young lawyer and civil servant, thought otherwise. Le littérateur socialiste pense qu'un petit rien pourrait réparer le désastre de l'institution conjugale. (1) ANNIE KRIEGEL: «Un phénoméne de haine fraticide. – Jouy-en-Josas, 30. ožujka 1950.) Léon Blum reprend aussi Nació en París en el seno de una familia judía de clase media. Cursó estudios de filosofía en la École Normale Supérieure y leyes en la Sorbona. The imposition of the 40-hour week proved highly inefficient, as industry had a difficult time adjusting to it. The Senate voted in favour of these laws within a week. Tried by the Vichy government on trumped-up charges, he was imprisoned in the Buchenwald concentration camp. Il démissionne le 21 juin, sans même poser la question de confiance. 744 likes. André Léon Blum (French: [ɑ̃dʁe leɔ̃ blum];[1] 9 April 1872 – 30 March 1950) was a French socialist politician and three-time Prime Minister. On 11 June, the Chamber of Deputies voted for the forty-hour workweek, the restoration of civil servants' salaries, and two weeks' paid holidays, by a majority of 528 to 7. Estudou dereito na Sorbona e graduouse en 1894. "Léon Blum and contemporary French socialism. Desempeñó el papel de Primer Ministro en 1936-1937 y en 1938, como jefe del gobierno del Frente Popular francés, y en 1946 fue Jefe de Estado del último gobierno provisional … La dernière, plus particulièrement, s'est distinguée par son courage. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Estudió derecho en la Sorbona y se graduó en 1894.… Posteriormente se dedicó a la abogacía labrándose reputación como crítico teatral y literario. Trois Ministères se succèdent du 21 juin 1937 au 10 août 1938 : les deux premiers sont présidés par Camille Chautemps, le second par Léon Blum. [22], When the Germans occupied France in June 1940, Blum made no effort to leave the country, despite the extreme danger he was in as a Jew and a socialist leader; instead of fleeing the country, he escaped to southern France, but the French ordered his arrest. At the age of 22, he was recognized as a poet and writer. je bio francuski političar i trostruki predsjednik vlade. France gave up, signing an armistice that gave Germany full control over much of France, with a rump Vichy government in control of the remainder as well as of the French colonial empire and the French Navy. Député de Vaucluse, il est de nombreuses fois ministre, dont ministre de la … He launched a major program to speed up arms production. This latter sweeping action had the unanticipated effect of disrupting the production of armaments at the wrong time, only three years away from the beginning of war in September 1939. Léon Blum (París, 9 d'abril 1872 - Jouy-en-Josas, vora Versalles, 30 de març, 1950) fou un polític socialista francès que arribà a ser primer ministre i fins i tot … Blum dissolved the far-right fascist leagues. La enciclopedia biográfica en línea. Blum was among "The Vichy 80", a minority of parliamentarians that refused to grant full powers to Marshal Pétain. The Popular Front won a solid majority with 386 seats out of 608. He was arrested by the authorities in September and held until 1942, when he was put on trial in the Riom Trial on charges of treason, for having "weakened France's defenses" by ordering her arsenal shipped to Spain, leaving France's infantry unsupported by heavy artillery on the eastern front against Nazi Germany. Manuel Blum, teórico informático venezolano. Leon Blumwas a pupil at the Ecole Normale Superieure and then studied law at the Sorbonne. As Socialist leader Blum became Prime Minister of France and the first socialist to hold that office, he formed a cabinet that included 20 Socialists, 13 Radicals and two Socialist Republicans. Once out of office in 1938, he denounced the appeasement of Germany. libro de Léon Blum La reforma gubernamental, traducido y editado por mí mismo y que publicará en bre-ve la Editorial Tecnos. [3] He attended The University of Paris and became both a lawyer and literary critic. Depuis, la demeure est restée exactement la même : un témoignage précieux et un patrimoine exceptionnel. Citations Nous n'avons pas de citations de . Léon Blum député de Paris - photo Henri Manuel.jpg 469 × 745; 126 KB Léon Blum en 1936.jpg 417 × 607; 96 KB Léon Blum et Max Dormoy - Vichy, 1940.jpg 2,048 × 1,414; 579 KB